[PDF] Poverty And Regional Development In Eastern Europe And Central Asia Download Full

Poverty and Regional Development in Eastern Europe and Central Asia PDF
Author: William R. Dillinger
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821371622
Size: 27.53 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 62
View: 3819

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Poverty And Regional Development In Eastern Europe And Central Asia

by William R. Dillinger, Poverty And Regional Development In Eastern Europe And Central Asia Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Poverty And Regional Development In Eastern Europe And Central Asia book, "Regional economic development is an interest of policymakers throughout the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region. One of its principal aims is to reduce poverty in lagging regions by stimulating local economic growth. However, problems exist with this approach. First, it may miss the target. Although geographical concentrations of poverty exist, poor people also live in regions that are - on average - rich. Second, the sources of the problem may be misdiagnosed. Poverty is not only related to where people are, but to who people are. In ECA, poverty is associated with low levels of education and people who are too young or too old to participate in the labor force. Under these circumstances, efforts to bring higher wage employment opportunities to poor regions may have little immediate benefit for the people who live there. Third, relying on regional economic development to address poverty in lagging regions ignores the potential role of migration. The emigration of labor, rather than the immigration of capital, may be a more effective means of reducing the poverty of individuals in lagging regions, though this is unlikely to eliminate pockets of poverty quickly. Development opportunities may exist in poor regions that markets have overlooked. Interventions must be assessed carefully. Some of the traditional instruments used to stimulate regional economic growth have mixed track records. Comprehensive, custom-tailored approaches appear to be a promising alternative. However, governments should be modest in using regional development as a tool of poverty reduction. Policies aimed at stimulating growth in poor regions should be complemented by more direct anti-poverty measures, including targeted transfers and investments in education, and efforts to remove barriers to emigration."--World Bank website.



[PDF] Making Transition Work For Everyone Download Full

Making Transition Work for Everyone PDF
Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821347201
Size: 30.81 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 524
View: 3262

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Making Transition Work For Everyone

by World Bank, Making Transition Work For Everyone Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Making Transition Work For Everyone book, Annotation This book brings together the latest findings on the nature and evolution of poverty and inequality in the region.



[PDF] Rural Development Strategy Download Full

Rural Development Strategy PDF
Author: Csaba Csáki
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821348093
Size: 12.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 47
View: 2159

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Rural Development Strategy

by Csaba Csáki, Rural Development Strategy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rural Development Strategy book, With the larger role that the agricultural sector plays in the Eastern Europe and Central Asian (ECA) region, emphasis must be placed on the sector's sustained growth and prosperity. The Bank strategy for rural development in the ECA region during the early phase of transition emphasized the reform of agricultural policies and assistance in privatizing, restructuring, and rebuilding agriculture and agro-industrial complexes. In retrospect, it can be seen that the ECA countries concerned made the right choice when they set their objective to transform their socialized agriculture into a private-ownership and market-based system. Given the developments of the past decade, it is clear, however, that the initial expectations for the outcomes of such reforms were overly optimistic. The transition process in agriculture is far more complex than originally envisaged by both the countries themselves and the international community, including the Bank. Increased social problems and alarming growth of poverty have added a new, unexpected, dimension to the transition process. As the analysis indicates, the region's rural economy is still struggling to adjust to new economic realities, and this will require further refinement and adjustment of the Bank's approach as well. This volume, based on an overview of recent regional developments, summarizes the revised World Bank assistance strategy for rural development in the ECA region.



[PDF] Dimensions Of Urban Poverty In The Europe And Central Asia Region Download Full

Dimensions of Urban Poverty in the Europe and Central Asia Region PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 57.25 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Urban poor
Languages : en
Pages : 142
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Dimensions Of Urban Poverty In The Europe And Central Asia Region

by , Dimensions Of Urban Poverty In The Europe And Central Asia Region Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dimensions Of Urban Poverty In The Europe And Central Asia Region book, "The objective of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of the extent and nature of poverty in urban areas in transition countries in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, providing particular attention to the disparities within urban areas between capital cities and secondary cities, and focusing on dimensions of poverty related to provision of network infrastructure and energy services in cities. Household surveys carried out in 1998-2003 in 20 countries provided the data for the study. The study found substantial differences in urban areas between the capital and secondary cities, with households in secondary cities being worse off. In addition, secondary cities often had poverty indicators equivalent to, or worse than, those of rural areas, including in terms of access and quality (reliability) of infrastructure. The study confirmed that many households, especially in secondary cities, are "infrastructure-poor" because of unreliable and deteriorated services and that these households are hidden in studies that do not examine actual quality. Finally, the study found that income and infrastructure inequality are generally higher in urban areas, although inequality in secondary cities often was greater than that in the capitals. "--World Bank web site.



[PDF] Rural Environment And Social Development Strategies For The Europe And Central Asia Region Download Full

Rural  Environment  and Social Development Strategies for the Europe and Central Asia Region PDF
Author:
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821348086
Size: 34.99 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 47
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Rural Environment And Social Development Strategies For The Europe And Central Asia Region

by , Rural Environment And Social Development Strategies For The Europe And Central Asia Region Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rural Environment And Social Development Strategies For The Europe And Central Asia Region book, This report proposes a World Bank strategy for assisting the rural, environmental, and social development of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. It has been produced for a general audience partly for consultation purposes, and is therefore a work in progress. Each of the three areas of development is examined in separate chapters, and each summarises the World Bank assistance strategy in that area. The conclusion is that the challenge posed by the objectives of this report are far beyond the World Bank's abilities to achieve on its own.



[PDF] Prospects For Improving Nutrition In Eastern Europe And Central Asia Download Full

Prospects for Improving Nutrition in Eastern Europe and Central Asia PDF
Author: Claudia Rokx
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821349953
Size: 65.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 133
View: 4791

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Prospects For Improving Nutrition In Eastern Europe And Central Asia

by Claudia Rokx, Prospects For Improving Nutrition In Eastern Europe And Central Asia Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Prospects For Improving Nutrition In Eastern Europe And Central Asia book, This report presents an overview of critical nutrition issues effecting the Eastern European and Central Asian (ECA) countries and suggests strategies for improvement. The ECA region is diverse in economic, political, and social structures, as are the nutrition problems in the region. The report finds that, in addition to poverty, lack of knowledge about basic nutrition among populations is also a key determinant of malnutrition in the ECA region.



[PDF] Millennium Development Goals For Health In Europe And Central Asia Download Full

Millennium Development Goals For Health In Europe And Central Asia PDF
Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821358788
Size: 48.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Health planning
Languages : en
Pages : 56
View: 6916

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Millennium Development Goals For Health In Europe And Central Asia

by World Bank, Millennium Development Goals For Health In Europe And Central Asia Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Millennium Development Goals For Health In Europe And Central Asia book,



[PDF] Roma And The Transition In Central And Eastern Europe Download Full

Roma and the Transition in Central and Eastern Europe PDF
Author: Dena Ringold
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821348017
Size: 47.68 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 54
View: 7411

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Roma And The Transition In Central And Eastern Europe

by Dena Ringold, Roma And The Transition In Central And Eastern Europe Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Roma And The Transition In Central And Eastern Europe book, This report brings together the available evidence from primary and secondary sources, including household surveys and results of recent qualitative studies, to develop a picture of the development challenges facing Roma populations in Central and Eastern Europe. While living standards have declined for all population groups during the transition to a market economy, there are growing indications that conditions have deteriorated more severely for Roma than for others, and that Roma are poorly positioned to take advantage of emerging economic opportunities. This report focuses on five countries in Central and Eastern Europe: Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania the Czech Republic, and the Slovak Republic. The first chapter of the report provides the historical context and an overview of the methodological issues and main data sources; chapter two presents the available evidence on welfare status and living conditions, examining poverty, housing education, employment and health; chapter three considers issues relating to access to social services; and the final chapter reviews the opportunities for Roma participation in the design and implementation of community development policies and programmes, and outlines policy implications.



[PDF] Growth Poverty And Inequality Download Full

Growth  Poverty  and Inequality PDF
Author: Asad Alam
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821361931
Size: 54.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 4341

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Growth Poverty And Inequality

by Asad Alam, Growth Poverty And Inequality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Growth Poverty And Inequality book, Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union have witnessed a significant decrease in poverty since the Russian financial crisis of 1998-99. Almost 40 million people moved out of poverty from 1998-2003. Three key factors contributed to poverty reduction: growth in wages, growth in employment, and more adequate social transfers. But poverty and vulnerability persist: more than 60 million people live on less than $2 a day. In their recommendations, the report's authors urge countries to continue with enterprise sector reforms, boost rural growth, promote opportunities in lagging regions, increase access to good quality basic services, and produce better social safety nets especially for the working poor and children.



[PDF] The Financing Of Pension Systems In Central And Eastern Europe Download Full

The Financing of Pension Systems in Central and Eastern Europe PDF
Author: Emily S. Andrews
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821337493
Size: 52.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 40
View: 1162

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The Financing Of Pension Systems In Central And Eastern Europe

by Emily S. Andrews, The Financing Of Pension Systems In Central And Eastern Europe Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Financing Of Pension Systems In Central And Eastern Europe book, Environmentally Sustainable Development Agricultural Research and Extension Series: Banana Improvement Project Report No. 1. Presents an overview of current and planned activities in institutions working on the Banana Improvement Project, co-sponsored by the Common Fund for Commodities, the FAO Intergovernmental Group on Bananas, and the World Bank. The project has two important objectives: to develop improved banana varieties suitable for the international market and to improve pest and disease control practices with the object of reducing pesticide use and its harmful environmental impact.



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